Light sensitivity or photophobia causes someone to experience difficulty seeing when it’s bright or sunny. While it does not usually cause permanent vision loss, it can make your eyes water or squint when exposed to bright light. Moreover, there is a common notion that blue eyes are more sensitive to the sun.
Discover if there is a truth behind this common belief from a local optometrist.
Are Blue Eyes More Prone to UV Damage?
If you have light-colored eyes, it means that they lack a pigment called melanin. The more melanin your eyes have, the darker they will be and the more protection they have against the sun. It means that those with blue, hazel, and green eyes are more sensitive to light. Light eye colors are more vulnerable to sun damage as well.
Too much UV exposure increases the risk for iris and uveal melanoma and other types of rare eye cancers. Over time, It can also result in irreversible eye damage and lead to the development of cataracts and macular degeneration. Macular degeneration and cataracts affect a significant number of people who are 75 and older. They usually have no early signs, meaning regularly getting an eye exam helps with their early detection and treatment.
Tips to Protect Your Eyes From Sun Damage
Whether you have dark- or light-colored eyes, proper protection from the sun is essential. Even when it is cloudy outside, you should still wear UV-blocking sunglasses. As much as possible, choose eyewear with 100% protection against UV radiation. Wear a wide-brimmed hat and try to limit your exposure to the sun.
Whether you need to update your eyeglasses or contact lenses, Eyes On Norbeck is here to assist. Call us at (301) 238-7199 or fill out our contact form to schedule an appointment. We serve patients in Rockville, MD, and the nearby communities.